The McDonnell Law Firm, PLLC | Patrick J. McDonnell
A contract is nothing more than 1) an offer; and 2) an acceptance. Those two things make a contract. However, there must also be some form of valuable consideration to "seal" the contract, such as an exchange of a dollar. Other factors may void a contract such as fraud, duress, trickery, etc.
Answer Applies to: New York
Sultan Law Office | Gregory Sultan
A text message may be a contract, depends on what it says. If you are waiting to hear from landlord on apartment being available and he sends a message saying "if you get here in an hour with cash, the apartment is yours" and you show up in the hour, then you have a contract. If it says " I have an apartment available and you get there and he has rented to someone else, the you don't have a contract.
Answer Applies to: Illinois